Cartilage / Bone

Cartilage is a type of dense connective tissue, composed of specialized cells called chondrocytes. It is found in many areas of the body, including the ends of bone where it forms the smooth articular surface of joints, and the areas of certain tendons and ligaments that are subject to frequent stress. Unlike other connective tissues, cartilage does not contain blood vessels, and compared to other connective tissues, it grows and repairs more slowly. Two of the conditions in which cartilage is damaged are osteoarthritis, in which the articular cartilage is thinned and eventually completely worn out, resulting in a bone-against-bone joint; and traumatic rupture or detachment, frequently seen in the knee.

GliaMed has shown that RILs induce the proliferation of human articular chondrocytes in vitro, and stimulate the repair of ear cartilage in vivo.